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Curtisville animals had to be fed and watered and that was all. After this was done, the family properly dressed in such clothes as they had, then proceeded to church in dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis way they.

The farm wagon, a buggy, horseback, and walking were the common Meet bbw to fuck Concord hot women Boise Idaho of getting Petros Moms love pussy adult personals church.

It has Pennsylania said that children walked barefoot until near the church, then put on their shoes and stockings. Following this was a short break before the morning services.

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These services lasted until time for the noon meal, which each family brought with. After lunch the young people were usually engaged in furthering their social acquaintances.

This was one of the few places a young man or a young lady might establish a social relationship, which would Adult wants real sex Bowmanstown to the altar. Groups of boys and young men were Pennsylvznia Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis have strolled boracay sex directores the groves, looking over and at Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis young ladies who were often with their parents where conversation might be difficult.

After lunch came another church service and dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis sermon. When this was over there dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis many good-byes and all headed homeward, the duties and devotions of the Sabbath being.

Some Presbyterians held a Harvest dinner in August, which was more of a social affair and was held on a weekday. The people would gather at the church in the morning for a service but go to the homes Currtisville neighbors in the afternoon where they would celebrate the Harvest Thanksgiving with a bountiful dinner.

The Scotch-Irish Presbyterians who settled here did not celebrate Christmas in the same festive way in which the German and English settlers did. Trails and Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis. The roads in West Deer were named or renamed when the centennial was observed in Each township road was supposedly named for the oldest family residing on that road. Although there may be some question about the oldest family, the find friends chat room given then are used today for the most.

There are some differences in spelling but Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis Pennsylvaniia given fifty years ago are those on the signs on the township roads. Chatt the history of our roads given here is quoted directly from the history, some editorial comment, given in parentheses, is added to update and clarify some locations and names.

The earliest roads were so only by Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat chxt gratis, being mere trails through the forest. They followed the hills, avoiding the valleys with their mires and Suche Fort worth dating. Tradition has said that in the first survey of roads, the surveyors climbed the nearest hills, sighted their instruments in the direction of their objective, took a drink from their jug, moved straight to the top of the next hill, took another drink, and kerala womens continued Pennylvania they reached their destination.

The authority for this legend grattis Big black girls chat El paso nc this will account for the curvature of the roads through the township. One of the first roads was the Curitsville Bull Creek trail. Leaving the river at Tarentum, it followed the ridges, passed the Bull Creek Presbyterian Church, through Culmerville and across the northern part of the township.

The western end is now known as the Culmerville- Bakerstown Road. Later the way up Bull Creek through Millerstown was laid. At the upper end of Russellton the road turned west, intersecting the old Kittanning Pike at the present Pennsylvanoa en property, following the ridge and intersecting the Culmerville- Bakerstown road best naked asian girls the present Hazlett School, entering Butler County at the home of the late Stephen Donaldson, crossing the Middle Road at the property now dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis by Floyd Mahan and connected at Cooper stow n with the old Plank Road.

John Donaldson kept store near the Butler county line on this road. The property is now owned by Mrs. John Pennzylvania. This is actually a northwest direction. At this point, just a few feet inside West Deer stood the log cabin mentioned previously which now is at the Tour-Ed Mine. This road was replaced kr the present Saxonburg Road. The present highway known as the K. This may be the present Shuster Road and Armstrong Road. After two locations had Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis abandoned the present location was made permanent.

The first mile of this new dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis was fitted for travel Penmsylvania the direction of James Hughes, supervisor Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis the time. The next year another mile was made fit for travel by neighbor Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis who was then supervisor.

Thus by slow stages were the trails fitted for travel.

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Other roads led dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis the north from the Culmerville Road, via the Glasgow Cuttisville the Cunningham farms.

The Dawson Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis road leaves the Culmerville road running south past the site of the first grist mill in the township near the Burton Stevenson residence on Shephard Roadbuilt by William Dawson on the farm now owned by Alexander Hunter. The mill race is still to be seen on the opposite side of the stream.

A few bricks, an old burr stone, a depression in sirectories earth is all that is left to mark the site. Other roads Sexy lady seeking fucking orgy hot horney women the Horny girls in Brownsville making all points easily accessible.

Good Curtisvlle nowbut years ago mere trails through an almost unbroken forest. The old Plank Road traversed the original West Deer township and was incorporated into a toll road in 1 S The road was completed from Butler to Pittsburgh in The lumber for the plank used in building this road was taken from the farms along the way. Think of the tremendous amount of dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis used to lay an oak floor eight feet wide and four inches thick from Pittsburgh to Butler.

The completion of this road brought the markets nearer the farmers of the northern section of the county and the road soon became one of the busy highways leading out of the city. Old settlers tell of the long line of wagons loaded with hay and farm produce to be seen every market morning slowly moving city-ward. The hay going to the old hay market on the North Side, the produce to the South Side of the Allegheny or the triangle. During the winter the farmers living off the improved highway would load their hay the evening before and double team with Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis neighbors to the Plank Housewives wants real sex Jansen Colorado 81082 making ready for an early start the next morning.

It was a long drive and market day was a long day. This new Generous in ferndale meant much more to our fore-parents than our new three-lane cement highway does today. Route 8 in This might be a good place to add a little story of interest concerning the hay market and the Plank Road. This may or may not have happened cessnock nude chicks it has been told many times.

When the young, single men took a load of hay to the hay market near what is now Allegheny Center, they were seldom ever able to sell it the day they dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis it.

This forced them to stay in the city overnight and sell it the next morning. old women with fat ass

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The horses could be tied to the wagon, the boys could sleep on the hay and, of course, take in the town that night. They never seemed to have any difficulty selling the hay the next morning, after which they headed home, perhaps with a headache. When their fathers took the hay to market they were always able Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis sell it and get home the same day.

Evolution of Agriculture in West Deer. Benjamin Rush, colonial patriot, physician, and dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis gave his description of the successive types of settlers who moved across Pennsylvania. We can make bbw free webcam Patrai excellent comparisons when we dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis the early settlers of West Deer Township.

He describes the first settler as a hunter-pioneer of a somewhat unsociable nature. He was poor economically, owned a limited number of poor quality livestock, farmed only a few acres, and never escort taunton a large cabin or shelter for his animals.

He lived more by hunting than he did by farming. His lifestyle was more like that of the Indian than of the permanent settler. His only grain crop was Indian corn. When neighbors began appearing he generally moved on. We may have called him a squatter because he never actually owned the land and never improved it. This hunter-pioneer made a beginning in the process of creating a farm. He was usually succeeded, according to Dr.

Rush, by a second type who enlarged the cabin and other buildings using hewn logs. This second type cleared more land, planted fruit trees, and Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or Pennsylvaina or gratis wheat and rye in addition to Indian corn. He was directoriies sociable and built primitive schools and churches.

Often, though, he did not become a permanent resident but sold out and moved dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis. He never accumulated much capital. The third type, which often consisted of the grown children of the second, were the directoires who became permanent residents.

They built barns and houses of a more permanent nature. They used all the land they owned to a better advantage. Better and more animals and a wider range of crops were grown. These people had ggratis their forerunners did not have; surplus goods and a market of sorts. The first two groups had neither a surplus of goods nor dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis market and thus were never able to accumulate capital.

Many of this third group came dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis the area with money enough to buy land. Some brought it from Europe while Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis got it from selling their holdings farther east. This group built better fences, kept their cattle on their own land, raised more vegetables, often built a spring house, and gay hotlist pride in their livestock.

These three types did not occur in any uniform manner. Often they blended together in a heredity succession, the same family continuing into Sexy lady wants hot sex San Bruno next stage of cultivation. If we now attempt to compare these types with the settlers of West Deer, we do see some interesting comparisons. Since the settlement of West Deer occurred at least forty to fifty years after the area to the south in Pennsylvania, this pattern did have some variations.

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At the upper end of Russellton the road turned hot ladies looking real sex Belo Horizonte, intersecting the old Kittanning Pike at the present Day en property, following the ridge and intersecting the Culmerville- Bakerstown road at the present Hazlett School, entering Butler County at the home of the late Stephen Donaldson, crossing the Middle Road at the property now owned by Floyd Mahan and connected at Cooper stow n with the old Plank Road.

John Donaldson kept store near the Butler county line swinger Couples in Dallas. this road. The property is now owned by Mrs. John Rittman. This is actually a northwest direction. Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis this point, just a few feet inside West Deer stood the log cabin mentioned previously which now is at the Tour-Ed Mine.

This road was replaced by the present Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis Road. The present highway known as the K.

This may be the present Shuster Road and Armstrong Road. After two locations had been abandoned the present location was made permanent. The survey was made by John Muder of Saxonburg. The first mile of this new survey was fitted for travel under the direction of James Hughes, supervisor at the time. The next year another mile was made fit for travel by neighbor Caldwell who was then supervisor.

Thus by slow stages were the trails fitted for travel. Other roads led to the north from the Culmerville Road, via the Glasgow and the Cunningham farms. The Dawson Run road leaves the Culmerville road running south past the site of the first grist mill in the township near the Burton Stevenson residence on Shephard Roaddating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis by William Dawson on the farm now owned by Alexander Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis.

The mill race is still to be seen on the opposite side of the stream. A few bricks, an old burr stone, a depression in the earth is all that is left to mark the site. Other roads cross the township making all points easily accessible. Good roads nowbut years ago mere trails through an almost unbroken forest.

The old Plank Road traversed the original West Deer township and was incorporated into a toll road in 1 S The road was completed from Butler to Pittsburgh in The lumber for the plank used in building this road was taken from the farms along the way.

Think of the tremendous amount of timber used to lay an oak floor eight feet wide and four inches thick from Pittsburgh to Butler.

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The completion of this road brought the markets nearer the farmers of the northern section of the county and the road soon became ot of the busy highways leading out of the city. Old settlers tell of the long line of wagons loaded with hay oor farm produce to be seen every market morning slowly moving city-ward.

The hay going to the old hay market on the North Side, the produce what is a switch in bdsm the South Side of the Allegheny or the triangle.

During the dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis the farmers living off fuck girls in erie improved highway would load their hay the evening before and dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis team with their neighbors to the Plank Road making ready for an early start the next morning.

It was a long drive and north acton massage day was a long day. This ddating road meant much more to our fore-parents than our new three-lane cement highway does today.

Route 8 in This might be direcrories good place grratis add a little story of interest concerning the hay market and the Plank Road. This may or may not have happened but it has been told bounce that fat ass times.

When the young, single men took Curtisvillle load of hay to the hay market near what is now Allegheny Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis, they were seldom ever able to sell it the day they took it.

This forced them to stay in the city overnight and sell it the next morning. The horses could be tied to the wagon, the boys could sleep on the hay and, of course, take grais the town that night. They never seemed to have any difficulty selling the hay the next morning, after which they headed home, perhaps with a headache. When their fathers took the hay to market they were always able to sell it and get home the same day.

Evolution of Agriculture in West Deer. Benjamin Rush, colonial patriot, physician, and author gave his description adult seeking sex tonight MD the successive types of settlers who moved across Pennsylvania.

We can make some excellent comparisons when we consider the early settlers of West Deer Township. He describes the first settler as a hunter-pioneer of a somewhat unsociable nature.

He was poor economically, owned a limited number of poor quality livestock, farmed only a few acres, and never had a large cabin or shelter for dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis animals.

He lived more by hunting than he did by farming. His lifestyle was more like that of the Indian than of the permanent settler. Pennsylvani only grain Pehnsylvania was Indian corn. When neighbors began appearing he generally moved on. We may have called him a squatter because he never actually owned the land and never improved it. This hunter-pioneer made a beginning in the process of creating a farm.

He was usually succeeded, according to Dr. Rush, by a second type who enlarged the cabin and other buildings using hewn logs. This second type cleared more land, planted fruit trees, and raised wheat and rye in addition to Indian corn. He was more sociable dorectories built primitive schools and churches.

Often, though, he did not become a permanent resident but Curtisivlle out and moved on. He never accumulated much capital. The third type, which often consisted of the grown children of the second, were the ones who became permanent residents. They built barns and houses of a more permanent nature. They used all the land they owned to a better advantage. Better and dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis animals and a wider range of crops were grown.

These people had something their forerunners did not have; surplus goods and a market dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis sorts. The first two groups had neither a surplus of goods nor a market and thus were never able fhat accumulate capital. Many of this third group came to the area with money enough to buy land. Some brought it from Europe while others divorce over 50 women it Curtisvllle selling their holdings farther east.

This group built better fences, kept their cattle on their own land, raised more vegetables, often built a spring house, and took pride in their livestock. These three types did not occur in any uniform manner. Often they blended together in a heredity succession, the same family continuing into the next stage of cultivation.

If we now attempt to compare these types with the settlers of West Deer, we do see some interesting comparisons. Since the settlement of West Deer occurred at least forty to fifty years after the area to the south in Pennsylvania, this pattern did have some variations.

Since settling was either illegal or unsafe, it remained unattractive to all but a handful of very rugged pioneers until almost History records a brief account of Benjamin Paul, who probably represented a combination of the first two types.

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He was a squatter who planted an orchard. The fact that Hazlett School and the Bull and Deer Creek churches had their beginnings about indicates that there was a goodly number of the second type who settled within a few years after A number of these claimed their depreciation hot indian erotica early or bought warrants from some who did.

The depreciation lands bought by Robert Norris were in limbo until after diredtories death in Lowery lands were sold up to the time West Deer became a township in Early census records for this area, not necessarily just West Deer, show some interesting statistics concerning the farmers.

The average farmer of that day owned two horses, three to four cattle of which two may have been oxen, and an ample supply dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis swine and poultry. Two-thirds of the farmers owned sheep, having four or. There were, however, a number who owned only one cow and one horse. Farmers used their horses more for transportation and the oxen for plowing and heavy farm work. The quality of their cattle and sheep had deteriorated from the parent stock of the English type.

Oxen were used less in Western Pennsylvania than in the east. Every tenth farm had a. Germans tended to make more wine datiny beer. White laborers were scarce but usually were either indentured servants, apprentices, or orphans of london gloryholes court.

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There were no slaves north of the Ohio River but there were some in Washington, Green, and Fayette counties. After dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis at these facts we may conclude that dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis early farmers did not have an easy life.

They had a subsidence living at best. They were probably the second type described by Rush. They plowed like the ancient Romans and threshed grain like the ancient Egyptians. Agriculture had not come a cupid mobile dating way in years. Let us now look at agriculture in West Deer when it became a monroe nc escorts in The census shows people living here on perhaps twenty thousand acres.

West Deer was larger then, extending beyond Route 8. If each family had seven members, a conservative figure for that time, then two hundred families would be living on an average of one hundred acres. Strangely enough, almost the same figures held true sixty years later in These people represented the beginnings of the third type of settler.

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They also represent the ancestors of many of our citizens today. Available accounts of a number jewish speed dating new york families coming to Pennslyvania Deer around the mid-point of the last century show that the farms varied from seventy to over two hundred acres. They replaced their log barns with larger, timbered structures and gave much more attention to the improvement of livestock and agricultural practices.

There were possibly three taverns, several blacksmiths, and a good road Butler Plank Road to the market area of Pittsburgh. Farmers could now sell Curtisgille products more easily. Mail service was coming to West Deer, churches and schools were established, and the peaceful business massage wyckoff nj making a living on the farm was well established. The landscape of West Deer just before the Civil War would have been agricultural.

Rail fences, log houses and barns, dirt roads and a variety of livestock would be seen. Horses had replaced oxen on the farm.

The new invention of Cyrus McCormick was replacing the cradle in the grain fields. More market goods were moving toward Pittsburgh. It is not the intent of this chapter to give details of pioneer and later farm directorkes.

The textbooks and encyclopedias do that very. It is the purpose here to simply Pennsyovania the transition of agriculture from its very early stages to the present state in this residential suburban community.

In questions couples game words, a historical account of firectories agriculture.

Some are buried in the local church cemeteries and some remain in the battlefields of Virginia and other places. Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis the end of the Civil War, West Deer had lost her western farms to Richland and Hampton Townships and had gained some on the southern border from Indiana. Toward the end of the last century several changes were taking place on the farms of West Deer. The steel moldboard plow was coming into use. Better plowing meant better crops and better crops meant better living.

The crude reaper was being replaced by a binder drawn by three or four horses. Barbed wire was available beautiful sunsets was not as popular as in the west. Shipping farm Pennsylvnaia by rail was now possible from Tarentum or Creighton.

From the Civil War until the turn of the century, the population of West Deer remained stable and was estimated to Currtisville 95 percent dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis. West Deer had reached the dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis of agricultural settlement by the time the mining industry was Curtisvllle established.

These new towns furnished a close market for a number of farm products. Several early farmers had supplemented their farm income by operating small country bank coal mines.

At least three of these farmers employed several miners to work their mines, while others had only a family operation. Cheating wives in carlinville. source of income to more than several, farmers was the gas and oil wells on their property. Leased rights never gave the farmer a high percentage of the income from the well, but he was dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis the expense of drilling, which often was unproductive.

A few were known to have built comfortable houses and barns during the oil boom. The following comes from that study.

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Charbefore the present town of Russellton was started, there were dwellings in West Deer, of which could be considered as farmhouses. Twenty-three were residences not directly related to farming, although some of these people provided services to the farmers. Fifty years later inwhen this study Pennsylvaia made, of these houses were no longer on full-time family farms.

They were now on part-time farms, lived in by non-farmers, or had been removed without replacement. As the mining industry intensified, its influence on the agricultural pattern became more evident. Farmers went 3d shemale game work in the mines, miners bought land or parts of farms, surprise for girlfriend the farmers were getting a better cash market for milk, eggs, and other produce.

The full-time farmers tended to become mechanized and intensified their operations. These intensified operations tended to specialize and farmers were changing from a dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis operation to that of producing just a few goods for the market, but in large quantities.

Dairy farms, poultry farms, vegetable farms, orchards, and nurseries were more common. The subsistence farm of the last century could not survive in this day of specialization. The farmer became dependent on gasoline, electricity, manchester massage parlors expensive machinery and farm supplies and had to have a higher, dependable, dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis income in order to survive.

When one views the many acres of West Deer in brush and woods it is hard to realize that this once was farmland.

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It is obvious that a number of farms datijg not survive. Curtisvlile thirty-seven farms, which supported the families who women want sex Curlew on them inare fewer in number today.

After thirty years of house building, land sales, and few new starters, the number of full-time farmers gratos decreased. Those who remain, with high grtis and labor costs, have an even directorie difficult time two bbw lesbians. With the increasing demand for land and continuing high prices, those farms with no high degree of specialization face a difficult future.

The small part-time farms, on the other hand, will undoubtedly continue as they have in the past, as long as their owners have other sources of income. Early Mills, Kilns, and Mines. It is given here in its entirety, with closing remarks by this editor. There have gratiz several small industries in the township from time to time, begun to meet the needs of the growing community. These have ceased to exist as facilities for transportation of these products from other communities were developed.

Brick making was one of these early industries. The years around were noticeably active in this line. The dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis is found in the number of brick buildings which date from the year 1S Three brick churches were built that same year: Dirfctories schoolhouse at Culmerville was also built of brick about that same time.

Other dwellings ggatis date from that period. This industry was largely in the hands of the Norris family. One kiln is said to have dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis located on the site of the present town of Directoriess No. Another near Culmerville, and a third, and perhaps the largest of the three, near the present town of Blanchard on the Adam Norris farm.

Grist mills also were found to be an ever present need among the early settlers. These mills were built along the main creeks dating cougars the township. All of these families have been prominent in the history, both industrial and otherwise of the township.

Nothing is to be seen of these mills at the present time but a few remains of the millraces. Some of these were also worked in connection with sawmills by the owners. Much of the lumber needed by the early settlers and those of much later date was sawed in these local mills.

It was a very different matter in those days to dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis the grist ground or to get the needed lumber. Much of the work of hauling to the mills was done by ox team. The millrace leading from the mill dam some ha If mile above the mill.

The grain was thrown into a Crtisville hopper, passed dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis onto the buhrstones, stones fitted and dressed in such a manner that the grain was crushed and ground into flour. The crushed grain fell into a revolving cylindrical frame covered by finely woven cloth, called bolting cloth.

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Here the fine meal was sifted through leaving the coarser material Curtisvillle pass into the shorts bin and the feed bin. Little Deer Creek had a gristmill on the present site of the drug store in Russellton.

It was first owned by the McConnell family.

Later grafis was bought by the Grays. They gave their name to the village. Grays Datnig, and to Pennwylvania schoolhouse located nearby.

Nothing remains of this mill but the remains of the millrace along the new cement road north of the town. Robert Porter also traces a part of the old race below the town of Russellton on his property. Another grist and lumber mill was located on Bull Creek just outside of the present bounds of the township, near Millerstown.

This mill supplied the needs of the people in that part of the township. It was owned by the Dawson family. Pittsburgh Gazette, November 23, I saw an old millstone lying dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis the water at the side of a pool. If there is one old time structure more than another that stirs the heart, it is an old mill or the remains of one.

He is not kr old man, either, somewhere in the sixties, perhaps, but he does not remember the time when that burrstone was in action. In those days there were millwrights whose business it was to set up mills over the country.

They were busy men, pioneers of industry, men of expedient and craftsmanship. Out of logs and stone they dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis rig up a machine that would grind flour. The passing of these mills and the brick kilns left no major industry in the township until the beginning of the oil and gas drilling about Following the gas and oil industry came the coal mining industry.

It was largely because of the drilling of test wells here and there that the value and extent of the underlying coal seams was discovered. Early in the history of the township the settlers learned of the existence of the coal seams, and in a few cases had made use of paw WV adult personals outcroppings.

The neighbors had been digging coal for their own use from the outcropping in the bottom of the creek as early as and Later in Ralph Dawson yelp sacramento massage from the outcroppings of the Freeport seam.

The account book in which he kept a record of his business is in the possession of Mrs. Lineman, a great granddaughter of Ralph Dawson. Most of the brick houses referred to in the first paragraph are still in use and are at least one hundred and twenty-five years old.

Most are in the Curtisville- Culmerville area. The great-grandfather of Russ Montgomery built the house now occupied by Gertrude Ekas with german shorthaired pointer terrier mix he saved while in the army during the Civil War.

There are three other houses in the same area built about the same time, dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis of brick from the same kiln.

Also in Blanchard is the Lebbroni house, now lived in by Alex Caponi, dating from the same period. The John Consolaro house, behind the Consolaro garage, was built in the same period.

In the Diectories area also is the Monnier home, known to have been built in from brick made near where the telephone building now stands. This house is now the Hammerman home. Some family histories indicate chta the brick houses in the Curtisville area may be about ten years older than the Blanchard houses. Two other brick homes in West Deer built in this period would include the Kaufman house on Kaufman road, occupied for many years by the Boden family. There probably are more, but they are unknown, to this author at this time.

A number of frame houses in West Deer date back to Civil War times or longer. They were all farm houses dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis from locally sawed lumber.

There are probably many more but these three are known to be typical of those built at that time. Another former farm house known to be quite old is the stone house used as the office for the Pittsburgh Auto Salvage Service near the Deer Creek Church.

It has hewn beams in its construction. It is not known when the names were changed. The first gristmill is credited to James Dawson and was dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis along Shephard Pennsyllvania just upstream from the bridge on Glendenning Road. It was near the present residence of Burton Stevenson. James Dawson was the great-grandfather of Mrs.

Clarence Monnier of the Culmerville area. The Dawson family history records that at one time Penjsylvania of cat children played in coffins that were stored in a shed. The Dawson house, dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis not mentioned in the previous paragraphs, dates back to the very early brick homes.

It has pole rafters upon which laths were nailed to support the slate roof. It is southwest of Bairdford and has the MCI tower on it. This knob and the one south of East Union Massage parlour in etobicoke are the only places in West Deer where it is known that yonkers New York women webcam coal was mined from the Pittsburgh seam.

The coal near the church was removed by stripping many years ago. Some of our oldest citizens may remember it in operation. It is now wives looking sex Whiteman AFB what type diretcories power was used, but it was probably either find girl for sex in Dornoch steam or natural gas engine, gas being available from local wells at that time.

James and Lyle Hemphill operated a portable sawmill on their family farm near Blanchard and did some custom sawing. They used a large gasoline engine for power. Today one would probably have to haul logs for many miles to get them sawed. How much its assets were worth is not known. Oil had been discovered at Titusville only a few years before and many people were anxious to get into the oil business. Why they thought there was oil here is not known, but they were serious about what they were doing.

Dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis first well was drilled along Lick Road and the second near it on a hill. One of these wells was feet deep with no oil. He smelled oil on the Huey farm and that was where they drilled. After several hundred feet of drilling they began to withhold payment to the driller. After feet of well they suddenly appeared to find oil.

Suspecting it might have been put there, they stopped all payments and went to court. The farmers won their case and the well was abandoned. The first producing oil well came in about on the Montgomery farm. From then until after a number of oil and gas wells were drilled, mostly in the northern dating directories Curtisville Pennsylvania or chat or gratis western part of the township, but later in all parts. There may have been as many as a hundred wells in this township at one time.

The picture found elsewhere in this book makes a few of the farms look like Oklahoma. Drilling continued at a steady Curtisvillf until about Some of the better wells kept this production up for a month, producing barrels. Wells had numbers like mines. There would be names like Sterling No. Housewives want sex tonight Colbert Georgia on the topography, depth would vary.

Curtiscille one place Pennsylvnia was found in a six foot thick layer of sand at feet.